Angling, jigging and ice-fishing
Angling, jigging and ice-fishing are included in the ”everymans’ rights”, or the right of public access, which means that no licence is needed for practising these in a way set down in the Fishing Act.
In angling the rod or line is in the fisher’s hand or within his or her reach, the rod has no reel which could be used for casting, and no jig, plug, spinner, surface lure, fly or other artificial lure is used. In practice this means angling with a natural bait, such as worm or fish.
If a spinning rod with a reel is used, the provincial lure fishing fee must be paid or a permission must be obtained from the owner of the fishing right.
In jigging the fisher uses a jig attached to a line which is moved up and down, either holding the line in the hand or by using a short rod which cannot be used for casting. Jigging can be practiced in both summer and winter (ice-fishing).
If the rod can be used for casting, the provincial lure fishing fee must be paid or a permission must be obtained from the owner of the fishing right.
Angling and jigging are prohibited in rapids and currents of waters rich in salmon and whitefish and water areas where fishing is prohibited under some other provision.
Other fishing and cray-fishing
For other forms of fishing, such as fishing with nets, traps or seines as well as trolling, the permission of the owner of the water areas is always required independent of the age of the fisher. This also applies to cray-fishing. In public sea areas no licence of permission is required for recreational fishing and fishing for household use. Fishers who are 18 to 65 years of age must pay the fishing management fee.
Licences for fishing with nets or traps are mainly sold by the owners of the water area or their representatives. Many towns and municipalities also sell fishing licences for their waters.
Assisting persons such as rowers do not need a licence as long as they do not handle the fishing gear or catch during fishing.
Fishing management fee
Fishing management fee is a tax-like fee payable to the State if a person between 18 and 64 years of age practises fishing other than angling or jigging. The fee must also be paid when fishing in one’s own waters.
Fishing management fee need not be paid for assisting persons (such as rowers) who do not handle the fishing gear during fishing.
Fishing management fee need not be paid for fishing in Åland.
Payment is made to bank account IBAN FI47 5000 0121 5028 42. The recipient is the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
Fishing management fee may be paid for a calendar year or seven days.
The fee for the calendar year is 24 euros and it is valid until 31 December. The seven-day fee is 7 euros and it is valid for seven days from the date of payment or other date given in the receipt.
Fishing management fee is personal and it must be paid before fishing is started. The fisher must have proof of the payment and, if requested, present this to an authority or other person who supervises fishing. The proof may be a receipt, fishing card or bank statement.
About a third of the funds collected as fishing management fees are used directly for the management of fish populations, while certain other activities funded from these promote the population management indirectly. Today these funds are being used for increasingly diverse purposes, including support for the activity of fisheries organisations and fishing districts. However, the funds may not be used to support the national fisheries administration.
Lure fishing fee
Provincial lure fishing fee gives a general right for fishing within a certain province with one rod, reel and lure. In trolling a weight may also be used. Provincial lure fishing fee can be paid to more than one province. The borders of the provinces can be checked from the list of municipalities of the Ministry of the Interior: http://www.intermin.fi/intermin/home.nsf/pages/index_eng
The number of rods allowed cannot be increased by paying the fee several times to one province.
Provincial lure fishing fee can be paid to the following bank accounts:
Province of Southern Finland: FI69 5000 0121 5028 34
Province of Western Finland: FI81 5000 0121 5029 09
Province of Eastern Finland: FI82 5000 0121 5028 91
Province of Oulu: FI07 5000 0121 5028 83
Province of Lapland: FI73 5000 0121 5028 59
The provincial lure fishing fee is 31 euros for a calendar year and 7 euros for the seven-day period. The seven-day period may start from the date of payment or date given in the receipt. The fishing management fee must also be paid.
Persons under 18 or over 64 years of age may practise lure fishing free of charge.
Provincial lure fishing fee is personal and it must be paid before fishing is started. A receipt, fishing card and bank statement are accepted as proof of payment. If requested, the proof of payment must be presented to an authority or other person supervising fishing.
An authority may prohibit lure fishing in a certain area. For example, the Employment and Economic Development Centre may issue a prohibition on lure fishing under section 11 of the Fishing Act. Information on the closed and restricted areas is available in the map service and at the Fisheries Units of the Employment and Economic Development Centres.
Fishing may also be prohibited under other law or regulations.
Provincial lure fishing fee does not allow fishing in:
– rapids and currents of salmon and whitefish waters
– water areas where fishing is prohibited under other provisions (e.g. prohibition of lure fishing issued by the Employment and Economic Development Centre under section 11 of the Fishing Act)
– close to inhabited shores where it may cause unnecessary disturbance
– less than 50 metres from a net, fyke or other fixed trap marked with a flag
– close to shore areas belonging to the Defence Forces
– certain harbour areas and navigation routes
– national parks and nature conservation areas established under the Nature Conservation Act (there may be exceptions to these)
Each year about 75,000 annual lure fishing licences and over 30,000 seven-day licences are purchased in Finland. The funds are returned to the owners of fishing waters after the costs due to the collection and allocation have been deducted. The owners of fishing waters use some of the funds for the management of fish populations.
Closed areas and restrictions
Angling, jigging and lure fishing by means of the provincial lure fishing licence are so-called general fishing rights. However, there are certain restrictions on these types of fishing as well, for example, there are a number of closed areas where these may not be practised.
Finding information on the closed areas and fishing restrictions is often difficult, which may be a problem for fishers. In addition to the fishing authorities fishing may be restricted by e.g. the fishing districts and regional environment centres under the Nature Conservation Act.